What do we advitize .
We advitize to provent accidents and save lives
Better Roads and Save Lives
Truck drivers World Wide are trying to help and percent of all fatal traffic accidents .
The Truck drivers World Wide Program (TDWW) also reported that fatal accidents ."While much of our nation is debating the effects of higher speed limits on traffic fatalities, there is another important traffic safety factor that is being ignored," "Road improvements such as wider lanes and widening shoulders and paving existing shoulders, adding a median and upgrading roads from two lanes to four lanes can significantly reduce traffic accidents, fatalities and injuries. Other road safety factors include providing crash barriers, better signage and lighting."
These are are few things that we must try to improve and save lives.
Turning across traffic
Turning across traffic (i.e. turning left in right-hand drive countries, turning right in left-hand drive countries) poses several risks. The more serious risk is a collision with oncoming traffic. Since this is nearly a head-on collision injuries are common. It is the most common cause of fatalities in a built up area. The other risk is involvement in a rear-end collision while waiting for a gap in oncoming traffic.
Countermeasures for this type of collision include:
- Addition of left turn lanes
- Providing protected turn phasing at signalized intersections
- Using indirect turn treatments such as the Michigan left
- Converting conventional intersections to roundabouts
In the absence of these facilities as a driver about to turn:
- Keep your wheels straight, so that in the event of a rear end shunt, you are not pushed into on coming traffic.
- When you think it is clear, look away, to the road that you are entering. There is an optical illusion that, after a time, presents an oncoming vehicle as further away and travelling slower. Looking away breaks this illusion.
There is no presumption of negligence which arises from the bare fact of a collision at an intersection, and circumstances may dictate that a left turn is safer than to turn right. The American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) recommends in their publication Geometric Design of Highways and Streetsthat left or right turns are to be provided the same time gap.Some states have recognized this in statute, and a presumption of negligence is only raised because of the turn if and only if the turn was prohibited by an erected sign.
Turns across traffic have been shown to be problematic for older drivers.
Designing for pedestrians and cyclists
Pedestrians and Cyclists are among the most vulnerable road users,and in some countries constitute over half of all road deaths. Interventions aimed at improving safety of non-motorised users:
- Sidewalks of suitable width for the expected pedestrian traffic
- pedestrian crossings close to the desire line which allow pedestrians to cross roads safely
- segregated pedestrian routes and cycle lanes away from the main highway
- Overbridges (tend to be unpopular with pedestrians and cyclists due to additional distance and effort)
- Underpasses (these can pose heightened risk from crime is not designed well, can work for cyclists in some cases)
- traffic calming and speed humps
- low speed limits that are rigorously enforced, possibly by speed cameras
- shared space schemes giving ownership of the road space and equal priority to all road users, regardless of mode of use
- pedestrian barriers to prevent pedestrians crossing dangerous locations
Pedestrians' advocates question the equitability of schemes if they impose extra time and effort on the pedestrian to remain safe from vehicles, for example overbridges with long slopes or steps up and down, underpasses with steps and addition possible risk of crime and at-grade crossings off the desire line. The Make Roads Safe was criticised in 2007 for proposing such features. Successful pedestrian schemes tend to avoid over-bridges and underpasses and instead use at-grade crossings (such as pedestrian crossings) close the intended route. Successful cycling scheme by contrast avoid frequent stops even if some additional distance is involved given that the main effort required for cyclists is starting off.
In Costa Rica 57% of road deaths are pedestrians, however a partnership between AACR, Cosevi, MOPT and iRAP has proposed the construction of 190 km of pedestrian footpaths and 170 pedestrian crossings which could save over 9000 fatal or serious injuries over 20 years
About the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety was founded in 1947 by AAA to conduct research to address growing highway safety issues. The organization’s mission is to identify traffic safety problems, foster research that seeks solutions and disseminate information and educational materials.
The Foundation has funded over 250 projects designed to discover the causes of traffic crashes, prevent them, and minimize injuries when they do occur. Knowledge is the first step to becoming a better driver. The Foundation's studies have shown that understanding the risks of driving and one's own limitations can prevent crashes. The Foundation's materials seek to give drivers new skills, sharpen old ones, and change attitudes as the first step to changing behaviors. Additionally, AAAFTS research is used to create focused, high-impact educational materials for drivers, pedestrians, bicyclists and road users of all ages.
AAAFTS has grown considerably during the past six decades. Initially emphasizing projects related to safety patrols and driver education, today the Foundation is recognized as a leader in traffic safety, being cited for its landmark studies on distracted driving and creating a conversation on traffic safety culture publishing its annual safety culture survey. Over time the Foundation has expanded its scope and diversified areas of concentration while still focusing on AAA priority issues which include senior safety and mobility, teen driving, road safety and safety culture.
This brochure spotlights research projects conducted since 2001.
"To identify traffic safety problems, foster research that seeks solutions, and disseminate information and educational materials."
AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety's mission statement provides the framework for all of its research serves as the guide during the research identification and selection process.
Truck drivers are found on every American interstate and highway. All products found in a store are delivered by a truck driver. Ocean cruisers, planes, and trains may ship products to a port or distribution center, but trucks ship these products to stores.
Prior to getting on the highway to make deliveries, truck drivers check fuel and oil levels, as well as examining the lights, safety equipment, brakes, and windshield wipers on their trucks. They must also ensure their rearview mirrors are properly adjusted and the freight they are transporting is securely fastened. Any damaged or improperly loaded freight must be reported to a dispatcher.
The United States Department of Transportation requires that truck drivers maintain records about their daily work activities, operating conditions of their trucks, and, if a driver is involved in an accident, a report of the accident details.
Truck drivers who transport loads totaling 26,000 pounds Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) or more are known as heavy truck or tractor trailer truck drivers. These drivers move livestock, automobiles, and any other load meeting or exceeding 26,000 lbs GVW. They often travel long distances, so many companies transport these loads with two drivers so one can sleep while the other drives. When two drivers work together, they sometimes drive routes that can last days or weeks. They usually only stop to eat, fill their trucks with gas, and unload their freight.
Certain drivers moving these heavy loads transport freight to one city on a continual basis, and some drivers transport freight on an unscheduled basis whenever clients request shipments.
Truck drivers transporting heavy loads far distances spend most their time driving. These drivers usually are certified to unload the freight they transport. Sometimes when it does not require special skills to unload freight, drivers hire local employees at their delivery destinations to unload it. Drivers who transport freight weighing under 26,000 lbs GVW are known as light delivery service drivers. They usually have assigned delivery routes. They frequently make deliveries to a city, make a pick up, and deliver the cargo back to the city their company is based out of. Drivers utilize electronic tracking technology to keep track of freight, and these drivers are usually responsible for loading and unloading freight. They usually only hire outside help if they are moving heavy merchandise or have responsibility for numerous deliveries during the day. Once drivers complete their shifts, they must turn in payments, delivery records, and report any truck problems to their supervisors.
Driver's duties and route lengths are usually determined by the type of freight they transport and the size of their trucks. Local drivers usually service a specific region daily, and the schedules and routes for drivers who transport merchandise across interstate highways often changes.
Local truck drivers are often assigned customer service and sales duties. Commonly referred to as driver/sales specialists or route drivers, they sell and deliver their company's merchandise across set routes. Since these drivers have customer service responsibilities, the manner in which they deal with a customer can determine whether they keep them as customers. They usually collect money and take their customers' orders.
The responsibilities of truckers with sales duties depend on the industry they are employed in and their company's sales policies. They usually deliver products to stores and distributors and usually do not make deliveries to personal residences. These drivers often monitor store shelves to determine what items are popular and make recommendations to their customers. Laundry companies that provide businesses with rented clothes usually dispatch truckers to pick up dirty laundry. Many drivers are required seek additional customers when they travel their routes.
Once they have finished their routes, drivers specializing in sales complete their orders for their next shifts according to clients' requests and merchandise sales.
Many trucking companies monitor their trucks' locations and provide truckers with weather and traffic conditions using GPS systems or satellite technology. This technology also enables drivers to coordinate deliveries and report any problems to dispatchers. In addition, satellite technology also monitors fuel levels and motor performance. Modern trucks are usually equipped with computerized freight tracking technology.
Work environment. Modern trucks are usually designed for trucker comfort, so the job is not as tiring as it used to be, but driving all day and unloading and loading heavy freight can be physically exhausting. Truckers who drive local routes are usually home at night. Truckers who own their own trucks and make long distance deliveries are away from home a lot.
United States Department of Transportation regulations determine the hours for truckers making interstate deliveries. Drivers making interstate deliveries can only work 14 continuous hours, only driving 11 hours. Once they are done working, truckers must have at least 10 hours off. Drivers are also restricted from driving after working 60 hours during a week or 70 hours in an 8 day period. They may continue their work after resting for at least 34 consecutive hours. Truckers must record their hours in logbooks. Since they are often paid per mile or hours driven, truckers usually work as many hours as they are permitted by law. Most truckers must work evenings, weekends, and holidays, so many struggle with loneliness and exhausting.
Truckers driving local routes usually spend 50 or more hours working every week. Truckers delivering food or products to grocery stores often work very long shifts beginning in the early mornings or late evenings. Truckers usually make their deliveries on standard routes, but some truckers routes change daily. Drivers with local routes and sales responsibilities usually load and unload merchandise, so these workers can fatigue quickly from lifting heavy loads.
- Set schedule with 2 consecutive days off
- Maintenance free trucks
- No backbreaking loading/unloading of freight
- Paid training
- Company provided personal protective equipment (PPE)
- Affordable benefits
- Paid holidays and vacation
- Retirement savings plans
- Company-paid life insurance
Truck drivers are a lot like deliveries...You need to be handled with care.
- Minimum 24 years old with a high school diploma or GED
- Valid Class A CDL with Tanker and Hazmat endorsements
- Minimum 3 yrs current interstate or over the road (OTR) tractor trailer experience
- Solid safety record and stable work history
- Must meet all government transportation requirements
- Ability to work off-hours and weekends
A Growing Demand For Truck Driving
It's a competitive world out there and with the ongoing demand for truck driving, you have a lot of choices.
- Flexibility in your schedule
- Route and delivery options
- Access to the best truck driving jobs and opportunities
Equally, if not more importantly, you need:
- A competitive salary to keep you ahead of the ever-changing economy
- Health benefits for you and your family
- The opportunity to earn bonuses and extra cash
At the same time, you crave:
- Guidance in finding the right truck driving jobs
- Independence while on the road
There's a lot to be said about finding the perfect truck driver job... and it starts with finding the perfect staffing service to get you on your way. That's how Select Truckers Plus can help! Attracting CDL and non-CDL drivers and ensuring they are qualified to meet our high standards is critical. But retaining good truck drivers is also extremely important!
- A sense of connection and partnership with a network of people and resources
Through in-depth interviews, our staff personally gets to know you, your motivations, and goals. Mindful that truck drivers are regularly away from friends and family, we go the extra mile to show our appreciation and support. We want to ensure that you feel connected at all times as a part of The Select Family of Staffing Companies, one of the largest staffing companies in the nation. We care about your job satisfaction, career success, and well-being. We handle all workers' compensation insurance, vacations, holiday pay, family insurance, and payroll issues. In doing so, our clients receive the best of both worlds - good truck drivers at minimum expense!
Pallet Jacks Information
Pallet jacks, also known as pallet trucks, are mechanical tools used to haul and maneuver items of freight. They are best suited for short distances and usually only elevate a load high enough for unobstructed travel. They are often used in conjunction with a pallet or skid, but many types of loads can be supported by the jack's forks.
Pallet Jack Operation
As the name implies, pallet jacks are frequently relied upon to transport pallets of materials. Pallets are used to provide a structural foundation and common footprint of various materials requiring transport; items on the pallet are usually secured via shrink wrap or bundling. This containerization makes shipping and handling more efficient across many industries. Pallet jacks do not replace the elevation or hauling capabilities of a forklift, but often supplement a forklift in warehouse situations as they are more nimble and manually-powered models do not require recharging/refueling. They are often used in retail stores because of their relatively low hazard risk.
Image credits SEM Metalworks Co.
Size and Capacity
Pallet trucks almost always have fork widths of 7" or 9", but the measurement between the furthest edges of the forks can range between 20--47". The load-bearing span is known as the carriage. Models with a width above this range are used in specialty applications and some models come with an adjustable carriage width. The length of the forks is imperative to a pallet jack's ability to safety transport loads. Lengths often range from 32" to 90" depending upon the intended application.
The dimensions of the load-carrying components rarely determine the capacities of pallet jacks, which come in ranges of 1,000 to 15,000 lb. Higher-capacity pallet jacks are more likely to have additional components, such as a hand brake, reflectors, or motorized locomotion, to safely transport heavy burdens.
Elevation is always a product of a hydraulic or pneumatic input. Manual versions require the operator to pump the handle to supply fluid to the high-pressure piston; a purge valve lowers the forks back to the ground. Motorized versions will incorporate a hydraulic pump to supply lift. Stroke is the measurement of elevation that a pallet jack can provide and while most versions will have strokes of just several inches, some are capable of strokes calculable in feet.
Hydraulic unit of pallet jack
Image credit: Ok Ok China
While the pallet's intention is to ship materials in a widespread footprint to ease handling requirements, most parts of the world do not conform to a single pallet design. A pallet jack should accommodate the pallet size that is most utilized in the market and industry in which it serves. Recall that the pallet's overall dimensions are less significant than the span between fork entrances. It may also be important to consider the pallet's type and material. Few pallet jacks will incorporate an adjustable fork to better fulfill inter-market functionality.
Selected Pallet Sizes and Markets
Pallet jacks rely on four wheels to transport materials and are polyurethane, nylon, or rubber in composition. Smaller wheels recess into the jack's forks for loading (called load wheels) and unloading while larger, swiveling, tandem wheels are positioned around a hinged handle (steer wheels). This allows the operator to steer the pallet jack with a high degree of turning arc, typically up to 270°. For use outdoors, pallet jacks will have foam-filled or solid rubber tires to navigate terrain.
Load wheel (urethane or nylon); Steer wheels (urethan, nylon, or rubber)
Images credits: Global Industrial ; Service caster
Motorized pallet jacks usually incorporate a throttle for speed adjustment as well as a dead man's switch. Steering is still accomplished by handle positioning, but may utilize power steering. Motorized jacks tend to have a lower turning arc as well as a standing platform for the operator, both of which can restrict maneuverability.
The large majority of pallet jacks require the physical input of the operator for locomotion, braking, turning, and lift. This is an inexpensive and reliable option, but successive loading can fatigue employees.
For situations where very heavy burdens or repetitive loading is required, motorized pallet jacks may be more suitable. These types of pallet jacks are most commonly supplied with variable speed electric motors and heavy duty, rechargeable batteries. Outdoor-only, gasoline powered pallet jacks exist for extreme loads and rough terrain; they are common in lumber yards and construction sites
GO TO ARRIVE ALIVE WEBSITE AND READ MORE.....about South African Road Safety.
|| Hijacking in South Africa
The Facts: Crime Statistics from South African Police Services
Carjackings between April 2005 and March 2006 = 12,825
Truck Hijackings between April 2005 and March 2006 = 829
The SAPS Strategic Plan (2004 – 2007) includes four key strategic priorities for the medium term. One of these is to:
combat organised crime by focusing on drug and firearm trafficking, vehicle theft and hijacking, as well as commercial crime and corruption among public officials.
|| Measures to Decrease HijackingsOver the last 4 years there has been a decrease in the number of reported hijackings, mainly because of:
Road Safety and Hijackings
Every motorist should equip himself /herself with knowledge that could assist him/ her in avoiding hijack situations, or how to handle such a situation:Also visit the following sections of content:
HIJACK PREVENTION GUIDELINES:
Introduction:It has become increasingly difficult to steal motor vehicles, with all the anti-theft devices, such as immobilisers, gear-locks, etc. These steps have resulted in a dramatic increase in vehicle hijackings. The hijacker has the element of surprise and this is a concern. The increasing retrenchment and the high unemployment figures are also factors. This is easy earned money and the already well-established syndicates will buy these vehicles from the hijacker. Vehicle hijacking is an organised business, run according to business principles and based on thorough planning. Specific vehicles with specific characteristics are ordered beforehand and efforts have to be made to meet the requirements of such orders. These vehicles will then be resold to the already predetermined buyer.
The hijacked vehicles that are not sold to buyers in South Africa, will be smuggled out of the country.
These vehicles will be sold in our neighbouring countries or trade, exchanged for drugs.
The large number of stolen and unlicensed firearms is also a concern. Most of these firearms are bought or supplied to the robbers by the syndicates. This easy access to firearms make the robbery of a vehicle the easiest crime to commit and by far the quickest way of earning a few thousand rand.
It is obvious that vehicle hijackers are motivated by greed and an insatiable need for more and more comfort, rather than need. An insatiable hunger for power is another theme emerging in robbers.
The power-base for the latter is presented by the access to firearms. Possession of a firearm forces everybody to obey or else face the consequences.
Vehicle hijacking forms one of the sub-categories of armed robbery and does not constitute a different crime from armed robbery. Perpetrators would consequently be charged with “robbery with aggravating circumstances” in court, and not with “vehicle hijacking”. Robbery with aggravating circumstances can be defined as the unlawful, intentional and violent removal and appropriation of movable corporeal property belonging to another. The victim’s resistance has to be overcome and the property obtained by the use of violence against the victim’s person.
If the victim is first injured by the perpetrator and then dispossessed of property while being physically incapacitated, armed robbery is likewise committed.However, the victim needs not necessarily be physically incapacitated. In the absence of actual physical violence, a threat to commit violence against the victim is sufficient. The threat of violence may be of an express or implied nature. Vehicle hijacking neatly fits the above definition, with the property involved being specifically a motor vehicle of some kind.
Days of the week and time of day in which hijackings occurred:
The analysis indicated that hijackings occur every day of the week, reaching a high on Fridays, due to motorists being more relaxed and traffic increasing earlier on a Friday.
Weekends show a lower hijacking rate due to syndicates checking their stock and placing orders on Mondays as well as the fact that there are fewer vehicles on the road. This also explains why Tuesdays and Wednesdays show more hijackings.
Hijacking of vehicles reached its lowest point at 02h00 in the morning.
Hijackings are low during the night and early hours of the morning, and start increasing at 06h00 due to motorists leaving home for work and stabilises throughout the day.
A drastic increase occurred from 17h00 in the afternoon due to motorists heading towards home. Vehicles hijacked during this peak hour (16h00 – 20h00) may be explained by the fact that people returning from work are often tired, frustrated and not alert to potentially threatening circumstances.
Negligence on behalf of the motorist could also not be excluded, e.g. an idling vehicle is left unattended to open a gate in the driveway. This trend is not new and the motorist will become the prey of hijackers.
Another explanation for this phenomenon is that highways are congested with traffic, which make it almost impossible to catch hijackers involved without air support once they have disappeared into traffic.
Weapons used during hijackings:
As it was earlier indicated, in the majority of vehicle hijackings, firearms were used to commit the crime.
Gauteng and Kwa-Zulu Natal reported the highest incidence of vehicle hijacking. The circulation of illegal firearms in South Africa is disturbing and has to have a direct influence on the increase of vehicle hijackings and violent crime in general in South Africa.
The trade in stolen firearms is a lucrative industry in South Africa and the rewards seem to justify the risk of apprehension for the criminals involved.
The punishment of crimes does not seem to have a deterrent effect on potential criminals anymore.
The analysis indicates that firearms most used are pistols and revolvers.
A very small percentage of vehicle hijackings are committed using knifes, hands, high caliber guns and shotguns.
When to Shoot:
It is noticed with great concern that there is general confusion over the issue of the public shooting and killing or wounding another person under differing circumstances.
People have a responsibility to protect themselves in a situation where they need to discharge a firearm in the process of self-protection.
What exactly are the legal requirements of self-defense?
The following points are important:
- The attack must be unlawful.
- The attack must be imminent or have commenced.
- The attack must not have been completed. One cannot act on grounds of self-defense for an attack committed an hour earlier.
- The defensive action must be directed against the attacker.
- The defensive action must be proportionate to the circumstances. The value of property involved and the instrument used for attack are important considerations.
- The test used by the court to determine the lawfulness of the defensive action is that of a reasonable man.
- The question to be asked is whether a reasonable man in the same position would have done the same thing.
In all cases where a person is killed, the matter is investigated to establish if anyone was responsible for the death.
This is the point when people perceive they are being charged with murder by the police and believe they cannot defend themselves against an unlawful attack without being charged. If your action is within the principles of self-defense, there is nothing to worry about.
Types of hijackings:freight Hijacking
A commercial vehicle is hijacked not only to secure the vehicle but also its cargo, which can be of substantial value.
Frequently, the cargo is of more interest to the hijacker than the truck.
|| Transport Hijacking
The vehicle is taken for the express purpose of using it as transport during other crimes such as drug dealing, burglaries, bank robberies and gun running.
The vehicles are probably later cannibalised for spare parts or simply dumped. Showmanship Hijacking
A gang operates out of egotistical bravado, acting on the “this is a cool thing to be doing” rationale.
Peer group pressure is very high and individuals may be coerced into more dangerous and daredevil approaches; being labeled a “sissy” if they don’t. Thus intimidation, violence and vandalism are associated with the crime. Drugs and alcohol may also be a motive as theft of the victim’s personal belongings is commonplace.
A group formally work together in a more structured way.
They usually have experience in car theft and have established contacts within the motorcar underworld that will receive and pay cash for stolen vehicles or spare parts.
The most organised of all and often has international connections. A network of hijacking groups is established with the overall coordinator, syndicating out work so that he remains out of view in exactly the same way as the drug baron uses pushers.
This makes identifying and arresting the ultimate boss Very difficult. Additionally, a syndicate is often backed by a lot of money, especially if there are international links and makes full use of any potential to bribe the authorities in order to protect their operations.
Modus Operandi used by the hijackers:
Most hijackings take place in the driveways of residential areas.These hijackers prefer areas with accessible escape routes.
Hijackings take place while stationed at any traffic sign or intersection.
Hijackings take place while stationary next to the road, e.g. to answer cell phone.
Hijackings also occur at post offices and parking areas or you may be followed leaving the filling station with the objective to hijack your vehicle where it is quiet.
The hijackers sometimes use a vehicle to force the victim off the road.
Hijackings take place at schools when dropping off / picking up children.
Hijackings take place while the vehicle is idling when off-loading / loading passengers.
Hijackings take place when advertising your vehicle for sale (Test drive method).Bogus Police or Traffic Officers also conduct hijackings (Blue light scenario).
HOW TO AVOID A HIJACK SITUATION:Approaching and entering your driveway:
2km from your house strategy. Be extra alert. Switch off the car radio and concentrate on your surroundings.
If you have noticed any vehicle behind you, use the techniques you have learned during the hijack prevention & survival course to determine whether you are being followed.
Remember to stop your vehicle just on the inside of the gate and select reverse whilst waiting for the gate to close.
This creates confusion and may buy you a few seconds for the gate to close completely behind you.
Check your driveway and street before you leave or enter your premises. Make sure your driveway is well lit and clear from shrubbery where perpetrators can hide.
Be aware of unknown pedestrians close to your residential address – do not turn into your driveway – pass and go back later. Liaise with your neighbours – know them.
Be aware of vehicles parked close to your address with occupants inside.It might be perpetrators observing the area.
Be alert if your animals do not greet you at the gate as usual.It might be that the perpetrators over-powered them. Phone your home and ask for someone to make sure your driveway is safe and to open and close the gate for you. When returning home after dark, ensure that an outside light is on, or have someone meet you at the gate. Check with your armed response company if they are rendering rendezvous services. If at any time you have to open the gate yourself, switch off the vehicle, leave the key in the ignition and close the door. Then open the gate. If you have small children in the vehicle, take the key with you (this is the only exception). You need the key as a “negotiating tool”. The perpetrators want your vehicle and you want your children.
If your children are older, it is advised that they exit the vehicle with you when opening the gate so that you are all separated from the vehicle should a hijack occur.
Information you should know:If your vehicle is hijacked or stolen, promptly report it to the SAPS. Make sure you have the vehicle details: model, color, vehicle identification and registration numbers available to assist with the recovery of the vehicle.
When forced to drive with a hijacker, be observant without making direct eye contact and try to memorise as many details as possible.
It is important to describe the hijacker as accurately as possible.When observing a hijacker, take note of his head and face – the shape of the eyes, mouth, nose and ears. Take note of possible irregularities. Look at the hair, skin color, complexion and possible scars and tattoos. Observe the build, sex, body movement, clothing and any conversation that may take place.
Remember the direction from which they came and fled, as well as the time and place the incident happened.
Remember to make mental and physical notes immediately after the incident to ensure accurate and detailed information for the Police investigation.
It can be helpful to have a survival plan in the back of your mind should such an incident occur. It is difficult not to become paranoid about being taken hostage. However, it is just as easy to become complacent.One very important fact to remember when being hijacked:
Should the conclusion of the drama be by way of armed intervention, and escape is not possible, immediately drop to the ground, remain still and obey the orders of the leader.
If confronted:Do not lose your temper, threaten or challenge the hijacker. DO EXACTLY AS TOLD BY THE HIJACKERS! Do not resist, especially if the hijacker has a weapon. Surrender your vehicle and move away. Try to put as much distance between yourself and the hijacker(s) as speedily as possible. Do not reach for your purse or valuables. Leave everything in the vehicle. Try to remain calm at all times and do not show signs of aggression. Be compliant to all demands set by the perpetrator. Do not make eye contact with the hijacker.He may perceive this behavior as a threat and retaliate aggressively. Keep your hands still and visible to the hijacker, so as to give him assurance of your passive content. Do not speak too fast (if you are able to talk) and do not make sudden movements. Gather as much information as possible without posing a threat.
How many people?
How many firearms and description thereof?
What were the perpetrators wearing (clothing)?
To which direction did they drive off?
Take note of the language they use (the accent).
First phone the SA Police Service on 08600 10111. They will dispatch the medical services if needed. Other emergency numbers you could phone are 112 ANY Network (Vodacom+MTN+Cell C) or 147 Vodacom ONLY.
Activate the vehicle-tracking device, if the vehicle is fitted with one.
The Effects of Trauma:Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)This is the term given to a particular range and combination of reactions following trauma. Reactions following trauma can be divided into three main groups:Re-experiencing the event – a feeling that you are experiencing the original event all over again, through memories intruding into your waking or sleeping life.
Arousal reactions – you feel persistently aroused, nervous, agitated sense, anxious, tense, unable to settle or concentrate, over-reacting very sharply to small things and especially, having trouble sleeping.
Avoidance reactions – you make frantic efforts to avoid anything that could remind you of the trauma, or cause you to think or talk about it in any way. You may shut down your feelings about other people and things you normally care about and keep to yourself. You may feel unusually withdrawn and emotionally number.
Parking your vehicle:Check rear-view mirror to ensure you are not being followed.
When exiting your vehicle, be cautious and aware of surrounding obstructions and shrubbery that may be concealing a hijacker. Never sit in your parked vehicle without being conscious of your surroundings. Sleeping in a stationary vehicle is particularly dangerous.
When approaching your driveway, be on the lookout for suspicious vehicles / persons. This is very important as the majority of hijackers approach their victims in home driveways.
Whilst entering your vehicle and while driving, the
following should be considered:Have your key ready, but not visible. Inspect the outside and inside of the vehicle before unlocking. (Tyre, tyre, number plate, other side of the vehicle – as explained during the hijack prevention & survival course)
Know your destination and directions to it; and be alert should you get lost. Always drive with your windows closed and doors locked. Make a mental note of any Police Stations in the vicinity. When stopping behind another vehicle, leave half a vehicle length in front of your vehicle to make an emergency escape if necessary.
When dropping off a passenger, make sure they are safely in their own vehicle before departing. Avoid driving through high crime or unfamiliar areas. Avoid driving late at night / early hours of the morning when the roads are quiet. Drive in the center lane away from pedestrians where possible. never drive alone.
NEVER, EVER pick up hitchhikers or strangers. (VERY IMPORTANT) Never follow routine routes when driving; change on a regular basis.
approached by a stranger while in your vehicle, drive off if possible or use your hooter to attract attention. Lock your doors, close your windows and do not have bags or briefcases visible in the vehicle. Use the boot for this. Cell phone should also not be visible.
There are times and days that these items are visible in the vehicle. Try and open the window they might “smash & grab” about 3 cm, so the window can absorb the sudden impact. If you’ve left your stopping distance you may be able to escape.
Be constantly on the lookout for suspicious looking characters or vehicles and do not hesitate to report them to the SAPS. Always be on the alert for potential danger, and be on the lookout for possible escape routes and safe refuge along the way.
When approaching a red traffic light at night, slow down so that you only reach it when it turns green. Do not take anything from people standing at traffic lights or places where they gather (job seekers on gathering points). Perpetrators are usually standing among these people. Make sure you are not followed. If you suspect you are being followed, drive to the nearest Police Station or any busy public area.
If any person or vehicle in a high-risk area arouses your suspicions, treat it as hostile and take appropriate action, e.g. when approaching a red traffic light, slow down, check for oncoming traffic and if clear, drive through the intersection. A fine will be preferable to an attack. Treat stop streets in the same way. Thereafter call for assistance if necessary. Always report these incidents to the SAPS. But remember, this is not an excuse to ignore the rules of the road. The onus will be on you to prove in a court of law that you had justifiable reason to act the way you did and this is only in the case of a real, life-threatening emergency.
Always have your identity document and driver’s license in your possession as well as a pen and notebook to take necessary notes.If possible, avoid driving in the dark. Hijackers may stage a minor accident, for e.g. If your vehicle is bumped from behind and you do not feel comfortable with the individual involved in the situation, indicate he / she must follow you and drive to the nearest Police Station or any busy public area for help.
Never open your vehicle window or door for any stranger. If a suspicious person is near your unoccupied vehicle, do not approach the vehicle. Walk to the nearest public area and ask for assistance. If you encounter obstacles in the road, e.g. rocks, tyres, do not get out of your vehicle to remove them. Reverse and drive away in the opposite direction.
Do not stop to eat or rest on deserted roads. Do not leave your vehicle unattended at a filling station.Cell phones should be carried on the body. Perpetrators will not allow you to remove your cell phone and valuables from the vehicle.
Information you should know:
If your vehicle is hijacked or stolen, promptly report it to the SAPS. Make sure you have the vehicle details: model, color, vehicle identification and registration numbers available to assist with the recovery of the vehicle.When forced to drive with a hijacker, be observant without making direct eye contact and try to memorise as many details as possible
It is important to describe the hijacker as accurately as possible. When observing a hijacker, take note of his head and face – the shape of the eyes, mouth, nose and ears. Take note of possible irregularities. Look at the hair, skin color, complexion and possible scars and tattoos. Observe the build, sex, body movement, clothing and any conversation that may take place.
Remember the direction from which they came and fled, as well as the time and place the incident happened. Remember to make mental and physical notes immediately after the incident to ensure accurate and detailed information for the Police investigation. Taken hostage - It can be helpful to have a survival plan in the back of your mind should such an incident occur. It is difficult not to become paranoid about being taken hostage. However, it is just as easy to become complacent.
One very important fact to remember when being hijacked:Should the conclusion of the drama be by way of armed intervention, and escape is not possible, immediately drop to the ground, remain still and obey the orders of the leader.
If confronted:Do not lose your temper, threaten or challenge the hijacker. DO EXACTLY AS TOLD BY THE HIJACKERS! Do not resist, especially if the hijacker has a weapon. Surrender your vehicle and move away. Try to put as much distance between yourself and the hijacker(s) as speedily as possible:
Do not reach for your purse or valuables. Leave everything in the vehicle.Try to remain calm at all times and do not show signs of aggression.Be compliant to all demands set by the perpetrator. Do not make eye contact with the hijacker. He may perceive this behavior as a threat and retaliate aggressively.
Keep your hands still and visible to the hijacker, so as to give him assurance of your passive content.Do not speak too fast (if you are able to talk) and do not make sudden movements.
Gather as much information as possible without posing a threat.
How many people? How many firearms and description thereof? What were the perpetrators wearing (clothing)? To which direction did they drive off? Take note of the language they use (the accent).
First phone the SA Police Service on 08600 10111. They will dispatch the medical services if needed. Other emergency numbers you could phone are 112 ANY Network (Vodacom+MTN+Cell C) or 147 Vodacom ONLY.
Activate the vehicle tracking device if the vehicle is fitted with one. The formation of anti-hijacking police unit
he launch of “Operation Ngena” targeting hijacking syndicateS;
Hijacking units that consist of investigative, crime intelligence and rapid response components
Dedicated hijacking courts to reduce case times and increase the conviction rate of hijackers Enhanced effectiveness of vehicle tracking technology
SAFETY TIPS FOR WOMEN DRIVING ALONE
The risks of driving alone can be exaggerated - be sensible about your safety but don't be afraid to drive on your own.
A well-maintained car is less likely to break down - have yours serviced regularly by a reputable garage. Make regular basic checks on the car yourself. This will give you confidence.Keep a coat, sensible shoes, blanket, torch, and phonecard/money in the car.
Plan your route if the journey is unfamiliar, and keep to well-lit main roads. Carry a road atlas, and tell someone your route, and what time you expect to arrive. Keep valuables, briefcase, handbag and mobile phone out of sight.
In town, lock the car doors and keep the windows and sunroof only partly open.When stopped in traffic, leave enough space to pull out from behind the car you are following.If someone tries to get into your car, attract attention by sounding your horn or a personal alarm.
Any motoring assistance company or garage mechanic who is sent to help you will carry a proof of identity. You may ask to see this before unlocking your car.NEVER give lifts to strangers.Beware of anyone who signals that there is something wrong with your car, unless you know that they are right and it is dangerous to drive on.