Transport Rules

Road Safety Rules

Fatalities and accidents on the road occur because someone somewhere is not paying attention to road safety rules. There are a number of factors that come into interplay while traveling on the road. There are road safety rules for drivers to follow as well as the pedestrians and other vehicles.

In this article we will focus on the main road safety rules that everybody o9nt he road needs to keep in mind.

Road safety rules

  • Keep to the left
    Keep to the left while driving and allow vehicles from the opposite direction to pass. Most head-on accidents happen as we fail to keep to the left and stay in the middle of the road. This is one of the most important road safety rules for drivers.

  • Slow done on bends and turn
    another mistake most people make is to never slow down on turns and bends. Be all the more cautious when negotiating bends and sharp turns.

  • Move cautiously and slowly during congestion on roads
    This is another very important road safety rule that most of us ignore.  We should move carefully especially at the round-abouts and road junctions.

  • Wear helmets
    Those on bicycles and two wheelers should never go on the road without a helmet. Make sure the helmet is of superior quality and strapped properly.

  • Remain within the speed limit
    This is common sense and a common one among road safety rules for drivers. Keep in mind that the speed limit is related to the traffic condition of the area. If you come within schools and hospitals, just slow down

  • Maintain the right distance
    Often it is seen that collisions occur because adequate distance from the vehicle in front is not maintained. These are important road safety rules for drivers.

  • Understand and follow the road signs
    These road safety rules are a must for all to follow, whether walking on the road or in their vehicles. It can be dangerous for your as well as other people n the road if you have poor understanding of the road signs.

Keep the above road safety rules in mind while travelling and make the roads safe for yourself and everyone.

Road Safety for Cars

To begin with road safety for cars, it is important to start with the condition of your vehicle or car. Make sure your car is registered, has complete papers and is well maintained before getting it out on the road. It is not safe for you and others if the condition of the car is not good. /moreover, a car that is not serviced at the right time will only eat up more of your fuel and cause more pollution on the roads. Hence the road safety for cars begins first at home.

Guidelines for road safety for cars

  • Make sure you know how to drive well & are confident on the roads
  • Learn driving from a good reputed school
  • Have a clear view when driving
  • Check your mirrors before changing lanes
  • Try to keep away from the blind spots
  • Always wear seat belts
  • Keep at a safe distance from other vehicles on the road
  • Follow the road signs, traffic lights and speed limits all the time.
  • Maintain a safe distance from the bigger vehicles on the road like Trucks and keep out of their blind spots.
  • Never ever drive when drunk or you are inviting trouble
  • Avoid very long drives that can leave you tired and stressed out
  • Get proper rest before driving
  • Never eat, drink, or talk on a cell phone while driving
  • Don’t panic if involved in an accident. Call for police and help
  • Be even more alert in bad weather like snow or rain.
  • Be polite and courteous on the roads.

One can just go on and on the topic of road safety for cars.  But just keep the above basic guidelines in your mind and you will be safe enough. Follow the tips for  the road safety for cars and you will be just fine.


CPC initial qualification part 1

The Driver CPC initial qualification applies only to drivers who acquire their vocational licence after the relevant implementation dates and who are intending to work as a professional driver.

  • 10 September 2008 for PCV
  • 10 September 2009 for LGV

Driver CPC does not apply to certain exempt groups (see 'Driver CPC evidencing, enforcement and exemptions').

The initial qualification does not apply to current/existing drivers.

New Drivers
To minimise cost and inconvenience, the Driving Standards Agency will offer new drivers the opportunity to take the initial qualification at the same time as they obtain their vocational driving licence.

Completing the whole process will involve four hours of theory testing and two hours of practical tests, split into the following sections/'modules':

  • 2 hours 30 minutes theory test
  • 1 hour 30 minutes theory test (case studies)
  • 1 hour 30 minutes practical test
  • 30 minutes practical demonstration of vehicle safety

The following table illustrates how the modular approach allows someone to acquire a vocational licence and Driver CPC / just a vocational licence (if they belong to one of the exempt categories) / just Driver CPC (if initially, they were exempt from it but then began driving professionally and needed to obtain it).

  Module 1
Theory Test
Module 2
Case Studies
Module 3
Practicle Test
Module 4
Driver CPC Practical Test
Licence Acquisition only
***   ***  
Full Driver CPC
Upgrade to Driver CPC
  ***   ***

Module 1 - Theory Test
This module now allows the multiple choice and hazard perception clips to be taken as two separate stand alone tests in either order.

The multiple choice test contains 100 questions, of which at least 85 must be correct to obtain a pass.

The hazard perception test contains 19 clips, one of which will contain two scoreable hazards. Each hazard is worth a maximum score of 5 points; a score of at least 67 out of 100 is required to obtain a pass.

Candidates will be allowed 2 hours for the multiple choice and 30 minutes for the hazard perception element.

Module 2 - Case Studies
This module is computer based and uses realistic scenarios a driver may encounter in their working life; aiming to test their knowledge and how this is put into practice.

Written by experts from the industries, questions will be based around the case study and a candidate will be asked to answer in a number of different ways such as multiple choice answers, clicking an area on a photograph/image or by typing in a short answer.

Module 2 is effective from 1 September 2008 for PCV candidates and will be introduced in 2009 for LGV candidates.

Each test will be made up of 7 case studies, each one with 6 - 8 questions, with a possible maximum score of 50 (of which the pass mark will be 38).

Candidates will be allowed 1 hour 30 minutes to complete this module.


This can be taken at the same test centre as Module 1.

Driving Limits

EU Rules are common for both HGV and PCV drivers. Where there are some variances within the GB Domestic and Mixed rules, we've laid out the rules seperately within the specific pages, here and the page for AETR they are combined.

'Driving time' is the duration of driving activity recorded either by the recording equipment or manually when the recording equipment is broken.
Even a short period of driving under EU rules during any day by a driver will mean that he is in scope of the EU rules for the whole of that day and must comply with the daily driving, break and rest requirements; he will also have to comply with the weekly rest requirement and driving limit.

Daily Driving Limit
The maximum daily driving time is 9 hours; for example

Maximum Daily Driving Time is 9 hours

The maximum daily driving time can be increased to 10 hours twice a week; for example:

Maximum Daily Driving Time can be increased to 9 hours twice a week

Daily driving time is:

  • the total accumulated driving time between the end of one daily rest period and the beginning of the following daily rest period; or
  • the total accumulated driving time between a daily rest period and a weekly rest period.

Note: Driving time includes any off-road parts of a journey where the rest of that journey is made on the public highway. Journeys taking place entirely off road would be considered as 'other work'.
So, for example, any time spent driving off road between:

Key Information
Key Information
A fixed week starts at 00.00 on Monday and ends at 24.00 on the following Sunday.
  • HGV - a parking/rest area and a loading bay prior to travelling on a public road would constitute driving time, but it would be regarded as other work where an entire load is picked up and deposited on the same off-road site.
  • PSV - a parking/rest area and a passenger-loading area prior to travelling out onto a public road would constitute driving time. But it would be regarded as other work where all the passengers were picked up and dropped off on the same off-road site.

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Weekly Driving Limit
The maximum weekly driving limit is 56 hours, which applies to a fixed week (see Fig.1 below).

Weekly Driving limit
Total weekly hours = (4 x 9) + (2 x 10) = 56.

Two-Weekly Driving Limit
The maximum driving time over any two-weekly period is 90 hours; for example:

Two-Weekly Driving limit

The following is an example of how a driver's duties might be organised in compliance with the rules on weekly and two-weekly driving limits:

Combined weekly and two-Weekly Driving limit

NB: The following should be taken into consideration at all times as it will have a significant bearing upon the Rules within this part.

Unforeseen Events
Provided that road safety is not jeopardised, and to enable a driver to reach a suitable stopping place, a departure from the EU rules may be permitted to the extent necessary to ensure the safety of persons, the vehicle or its load. Drivers must note all the reasons for doing so on the back of their tachograph record sheets (if using an analogue tachograph) or on a printout or temporary sheet (if using a digital tachograph) at the latest on reaching the suitable stopping place (see relevant sections covering manual entries). Repeated and regular occurrences, however, might indicate to enforcement officers that employers were not in fact scheduling work to enable compliance with the applicable rules.

A judgment by the European Court of Justice dated 9 November 1995 provides a useful guide to how this provision should be interpreted. It can apply only in cases where it unexpectedly becomes impossible to comply with the rules on drivers' hours during the course of a journey. In other words, planned breaches of the rules are not allowed. This means that when an unforeseen event occurs, it would be for the driver to decide whether it was necessary to depart from the rules. In doing so, a driver would have to take into account the need to ensure road safety in the process (e.g. when driving a vehicle carrying an abnormal load under the Special Types regulations) and any instruction that may be given by an enforcement officer (e.g. when under police escort).

Some examples of such events are delays caused by severe weather, road traffic accidents, mechanical breakdowns, interruptions of ferry services and any event that causes or is likely to cause danger to the life or health of people or animals. Note that this concession only allows for drivers to reach a suitable stopping place, not necessarily to complete their planned journey. Drivers and operators would be expected to reschedule any disrupted work to remain in compliance with the EU rules.



Road Safety Tips

There is plenty of advice and info online and offline on road safety tips. But still it leaves us to ponder as to why there is no decline in the number of causalities and accidents on the road. Is it because we take all those rules and road safety tips casually? Well, if so then it is time to set our priorities right and realize the importance of these tips so as to make for complete safe traveling on the roads. In this article we will focus on road safety tips for drivers as well as others on the road.

The road safety tips discussed in this article are common and perhaps known to you already. Just go through them to brush up your information.

Road safety tips for drivers while driving

  • Avoid any distractions
  • Avoid eating and drinking
  • Avoid using cell phone
  • Avoid looking at maps or directions
  • Avoid looking at navigation system
  • Avoid listening to too loud music
  • Avoid having an unleashed pet
  • Follow the traffic rules
  • Maintain speed limits

Road safety tips for others

  • Follow the road signs and traffic rules
  • Cross the road at the right time
  • Follow the traffic lights
  • Wear helmets if on a two wheeler
  • Maintain the right speed
  • Move carefully on the congested roads
  • If with children and pets, be all the more careful

Even though different nations are boasting of a better infrastructure and road safety systems, there is no decrease in the number of accidents on the roads. If we really wish to have an accident free roads and traffic, we really need to focus on the road safety tips and rules and follow them in reality, rather than just talk about them in books. These tips need to be followed on the roads in actual conditions. It’s only then we can be confident of making some real improvement in the road safety for all.

Road Safety Signs and Symbols

Road safety signs or traffic signs on road are placed with the sole purpose of providing information to the road users. With a colossal increase in the traffic volumes in the past couple of decades, the roads have become congested and the pollution is soaring. Therefore, don’t be surprised to see more of these road safety signs and symbols appearing on the roads for your safety.

These road safety signs in most countries are displayed as colorful pictures so as to cross the language barrier and put the message across to any person from any nationality. Road safety signs and meanings should be well understood while on the road by all travelers so as to enhance traffic safety. Such pictorial road safety signs pictures and symbols are often used in place of words. There are even simpler road safety signs for children so as to teach them young.

What these road safety signs and symbols teach you? You will come across plenty of these road safety signs in your country or even when you are traveling abroad.

Here is the information that these signs and symbols are trying to get across to you:

  • Straight Prohibited or No Entry
  • One Way Sign
  • Vehicle Prohibited in Both Directions
  • All Motor Vehicles Prohibited
  • Right turn Prohibited
  • Horn Prohibited
  • Load Limit
  • Restriction Ends Sign
  • Compulsory Keep Left
  • No Parking
  • Compulsory Ahead Only
  • Compulsory Sound Horn

Then there are a few precautionary road safety signs:

  • Right hand curve
  • Left  hand curve
  • Cycle Crossing
  • Pedestrian crossing
  • Cross road
  • Ferry
  • School ahead
  • Cattle
  • Falling rocks
  • Major road ahead
  • Dangerous dip

One should be well aware of these common road safety signs and meanings so as to enhance their safety while traveling. Although there are many more of these signs and symbols, it is not possible to include all of those here in this short article. You can buy common road safety signs pictures to teach your family and children.


Transporting Dangerous Goods – Are You Doing It Correctly?

What are the requirements and obligations for transporting and receiving Dangerous Goods at your site? This article provides guidance at each step of the process, principally in relation to placarding, documentation and emergency planning, from loading to end receipt of Dangerous Goods.

Checks at the point of Loading:

  • Is the vehicle appropriate and suitable e.g. load capacity, restraints for load, etc.;
  • The vehicle is correctly signed or placarded e.g. as per example shown on right
  • The vehicle is fitted with necessary or required safety equipment e.g. fire extinguisher(s), personal protective equipment, spill kit, etc. This element is the responsibility of the vehicle owner;
  • Emergency Procedures Group (EPG) for each and every substance being loaded, are stored in an Emergency Information Holder within the cabin of the truck;
  • Transportation documents, clearly stating the consignor and nominated prime transport contractor, that are provided to the driver;
  • All products and substances being loaded are safe and compatible, or are separated, segregated in case of any leakage or emergency event e.g. Class 3 Flammable Liquids are not loaded with Class 5.1 Oxidising Substances or Class 5.2 Organic Peroxides (See Segregation Chart – Fig 1 or refer to ADG7, Chap 5.3).
  • Containers and packaging used for the Dangerous Goods transportation are safe and suitable, including bulk containers, barrels, and freight containers and
  • Driver of the vehicle holds appropriate licenses e.g. bulk transport.

Transport Documentation

The Dangerous Goods transport documentation must be formatted to include the following in the order as stated for each substance or product:

  • Consignor’s name and phone number;
  • Description of Dangerous Goods being transported;
  • United Nations (UN) number for the product;
  • Proper shipping name or name of the substance that appears
  • on the packaging/container;
  • Class of Dangerous Good;
  • Each subsidiary risk (if applicable);
  • Packaging Group (if applicable);
  • Type and number of packages or containers being transported;
  • Total quantity of Dangerous Goods on the vehicle.

Issues to consider on the journey after loading is completed:

  • Do not use prohibited routes e.g. information provided by State or Territory regulations;
  • If vehicle breaks down – have a plan to remove Dangerous Goods from that vehicle on roadside;
  • All placarded loads should have a prepared emergency plan, including advice on the properties of the Dangerous Goods, safe containment of the substances, use of emergency equipment on the truck and safe handling of the Dangerous Goods;
  • All incidents where goods have spilled or leaked must be reported to the State or Territory Regulator. Additionally, a written report must be provided to the Regulator within 21 days, stating all the details of event e.g. date, time, location, likely cause(s), measures taken to control during incident and thereafter;
  • As Dangerous Goods are unloaded from the vehicle, the type and quantity of substances remaining must be updated, during the course of the journey.

Issues to consider when receiving Dangerous Goods:

  • Dangerous Goods must be unloaded in a safe area, with a site receiving person present;
  • Ensure site spill kits, PPE and fire equipment that may be needed in an emergency are present in the area;
  • Loaded trailers should only be detached from a prime-mover in an approved vehicle marshalling area or a designated transport depot e.g. vehicle broken down or in an emergency. Figure 1 Load Compatibility Table.

Key Legislative & Code Requirements:

  • Dangerous Good Act 1985 (Vic);
  • Dangerous Goods (Transport by Road or Rail) Regulations 2008 (Vic);
  • Dangerous Goods (Storage and Handling) Interim Regulations 2011 (Vic);
  • The Australian Dangerous Goods Code – 7th Edition (ADG 7);
  • Dangerous Goods Storage and Handling Code of Practice (Vic);
  • Safely Transporting Dangerous Goods Guideline (Vic).

For more information please contact Phillip Kamay at Safety Action on T-03 9690 6311 or enquiries@safetyaction.com.au


Carriage of Dangerous Goods

Hazardous Chemicals and Dangerous Goods are transported throughout the United Kingdom, by road and by rail, every day. These goods include dangerous chemicals such as:

  • acids
  • toxins and carcinogenic substances
  • explosives
  • radioactive materials
  • inflammable liquids
  • volatile chemicals likely to spontaneously combust or react with air, water etc.; and
  • inflammable, poisonous or compressed gases

Although the Health and Safety Executive is primarily responsible for enforcing the many regulations designed to ensure safety while these substances are in transit, it is the members of the emergency services who will have to deal with the consequences of any incident.

The carriage of dangerous goods by road creates risks to drivers, other road users, the public and the emergency services. In addition some substances create environmental risk. HSE pursues an enforcement strategy that is proportionate to the level of risk, the objective of which is to ensure that high standards of compliance with the relevant legislation are achieved and maintained.

There have been serious incidents overseas which illustrate the potential risk, and the ACDS report, 'Major hazard aspects of the transport of dangerous substances' (1991), indicated that past experience and previous rates of infringement do not necessarily provide an adequate basis for assessing the risk of rare but potentially very serious events.

ADR is too large and complex a subject to put together in these few pages, we've merely scratched the surface. Although we've tried to bring you as much positive and useful information as possible here. To endorse what we're saying concerning the complexities of ADR, there is also the subject of wastes (including Clinical Waste).

With the exception of clinical waste, wastes are classified in the same way as other substances. The rules at ADR mean that where generic or 'NOS' names are chosen, the substance or substances giving rise to the hazards may have to be named. The word 'WASTE' should qualify other descriptions where applicable (ADR

Specific Requirements
ADR also places specific duties on consigners, carriers and the consignee. This involves providing information, documentation, correct vehicle equipment packaging and labelling. In addition vehicles carrying dangerous goods above the limited quantities provision will need to display orange plates identifying that they have dangerous goods on the vehicle. There are additional requirements for tanks.

ADR requires that anyone involved in the carriage of dangerous goods by road must:

  • act to avoid damage/injury from, and minimise the effects of, foreseeable dangers
  • when there is an immediate risk to public safety, notify the emergency services and give them the necessary information.

When dangerous goods are being consigned for a third party, the third party has to inform the consignor in writing that the goods are dangerous and make available all the necessary information and documentation.
ADR places specific duties on three principal classes of duty holder:

  • consignors
  • carriers
  • consignees

Asides from the 3 classes of duty holder (listed above), it also includes other participants, including (but not limited to) loaders, packers, fillers and operators of tank containers and portable tanks. ADR identifies certain instances where the relevant duty holder does not personally have to carry out the required actions, but can rely on information provided by other participants in the carriage of dangerous goods.

Transport documentation

The Dangerous Goods Section is maintained/updated courtesy of David Bond Ltd. If you have any requirements regarding Dangerous Goods, be that advice or Training, please contact David Bond direct at enquiries@davidbondltd.com

Instructions in Writing
Drivers are required to carry 'Instructions in Writing' which is a 4 page document that sets out emergency information and emergency equipment. These replace Tremcards but, whereas Tremcards were issued by the sender of the goods, Instuctions in Writing must be issued to drivers by their employers and kept safely by drivers and should be readily available in the drivers cab.

'Instructions in Writing' details are as follows:

  • First page will outline the General Safety Instructions for Dangerous Goods.
  • The Second and Third Pages will define the Class specific Hazard Characteristics and Additional Guidance illustrated by the 9 Class Danger Labels.
  • The fourth Page will define the Minimum Drivers Personal and Safety Equipment.

Vehicle requirements are;-

  • Wheel Chock, suited to the size of Tyre and weight of Vehicle (Two for Articulated vehicles and draw-bar combinations on EU Journeys)
  • 2 Self Standing Warning Signs. (in Europe Flashing Lights).
  • Eye-Wash Solution. (Not required for Some explosives and Gases).

For each of the Vehicle Crew:-

  • Warning Vest (Hi-Vis).
  • Intrinsically safeTorch (Non-spark).
  • Protective Gloves.
  • Eye protection.

Additional items required for certain Classes:-

Classes 2.3 and 6.1:-

  • Escape Mask.

For Classes 3, 4.1, 4.3, 8, 9:-

  • Plastic shovel.
  • Drain Seal.
  • Plastic Bucket.

Safety Data Sheets
Sometimes shippers will provide Safety Data Sheets, particularly when transport includes a sea journey. There are 16 Sections to this document, and defines in more detail the hazards and handling requirements of the Product, also First Aid, Spill Procedure and Fire Fighting Measures. Transport Information can be found in Section 14 for Road, Sea and Air Transport. However, it is important to note that drivers should always follow the emergency instructions in the 'Instructions in Writing' and not the Safety Data Sheets.

Shipping Note Dangerous Goods Shipping Note
A Transport Document must accompany the Dangerous Goods for all levels above Limited Quantities. This can be in any format as long as the relevant information is included but a 'Multi-Modal Dangerous Goods Note' (see image) is often the best option, particularly if the transport includes a sea journey.

The transport document must have the following information.

  • The UN Number of the Goods.
  • The PSN (Proper Shipping Name) of the goods.
  • The Class Number of the goods.
  • The Packing Group, or where there is no packing group, the Classification Code.
  • The total quantity of the goods and in what size packages.
  • The Gross and Nett weights.
  • The Consignor' details.
  • The Consignee' details.
  • Tunnel code
  • The declaration in Box 17 completed with the name, signature and telephone number of the person making the declaration.

Container Packing Certificate.
The Multi-Modal Dangerous Goods Note includes a Container Packing Certificate, for goods travelling by sea or via the Channel Tunnel. This should be completed by the person loading the vehicle, trailer or container, or the driver only if he has seen and controlled the load loaded and can verify the contents and loading specifications.

This signature declares the following:-

  • The vehicle was clean, dry and fit to receive the goods.
  • No incompatible substances have been loaded onto the container.
    (Beware IMDG Regulations have stricter incompatibility regulations).
  • All packages have been inspected for Damage, and no unsound packages are loaded.
  • All packages are secure in the vehicle.
  • All packages are correctly marked and labelled.

Responsibility of Consignor

  • Ensuring Packages used are correct UN Packages, correctly marked and labelled
  • Ensuring all packages are safe to load - no leakers or damage.
  • Ensuring Overpacks are correctly marked
  • Ensuring the Carrier is informed of the Dangerous Goods to be loaded, in writing.
  • Providing the driver a transport document, e.g., Dangerous Goods Shipping Note (DGN).
  • Ensuring the person completing the transport document is properly trained.
  • Signing the Declarant Box on the DG Note
  • Providing the Placards if required
  • Providing the Safety Data Sheet if Required
  • Ensuring the Vehicle loaders are trained
  • Vehicle loaders to Sign the Container Packing Certificate (only) if it is a full load

Responsibility of Carrier

  • Select Correct Vehicle
  • Select trained driver with appropriate ADR training certificate for the goods to be carried
  • Provide Driver with PPE, and Vehicle safety Equipment
  • Appoint DGSA
  • Ensure Vehicle Supervision Regulations are Complied with, if in Scope
  • Providing Driver with Copy Tremcard
  • Ensure Transport Security Plan or policy is adhered to, if in scope
  • Ensure no incompatible goods planned on vehicle
  • Observe Emergency Procedures and Reporting requirements with regard to RIDDOR and ADR
  • Ensure Training of All Staff. Keeping of Training Documents
  • Provide a contact Telephone Number in case of incidents
  • To Report to the DGSA any accidents or Incidents involving Dangerous Goods
  • Ensure transport Document have been kept for 3 month after the journey

Markings & Placards

In Britain there have been few serious accidents directly resulting from the carriage of dangerous goods. However, there are frequent accidents involving vehicles carrying dangerous goods and loss of containment often occurs to some extent. Proper identification of vehicles and information about the goods they are carrying is thus important. HSE's experience from roadside checks is that about one in three of those vehicles carrying dangerous goods and selected for inspection exhibit breaches of one sort or another.

Placarding and marking of vehicles
As with marking and labelling these words mean different things, and apply to vehicles and containers, MEGCs (multi element gas container - defined in ADR 1.2.1), tank containers, and portable tanks.

  • placarding is described in 5.3.1 and refers to the 'hazard diamonds' that are a familiar part of the overall warning system
  • marking is described in 5.3.2 and refers to the plain orange plates carried at the front of vehicles (and on the back of vehicles carrying packages) and to the other marks on the sides and backs of vehicles

Placarding is the process of placing on the tank, container etc. the hazard diamonds referred to in column 5 of table A (analogous to labelling of packages). The precise details of sizes and so on are at For small tanks or containers smaller placards can be used ( - allows 'package labels' to be used).
Placards have to be displayed as indicated in to according to the type of load.

Marking is the process of placing on the vehicle and the tank, container etc, the orange plates. See ADR 5.3.2.
ADR allows the familiar plain orange plate to be divided by a horizontal black line (

Vehicles carrying packages
In all cases the plain orange plates for vehicles carrying packages are as described in ADR at A plain orange plate is fixed at front and back of the 'transport unit' (See Fig 2.). Note the extra requirement for vehicles carrying class 1 (explosives) and class 7 (radio-active substances) to display placards (hazard diamonds) on both sides and the rear of the vehicle (ADR

For vehicles carrying packages, a plain orange plate should be afixed to the
            front and rear of the vehicle
Fig 2.

Carrying packages in freight containers
This is similar to the above but in this case the freight container should display relevant placards (hazard diamonds) on all four sides of the container (See Fig 3.).

Freight containers should also display relevant placards (hazard diamonds) on all
            four sides of the container
Fig 3.

ADR 2009 continues the requirement of Special Provision CV 36 (see 7.5.11 and table A column 18). This requires vehicles carrying packages of gases which could vitiate the atmosphere to be carried in open or ventilated vehicles/containers or if that is not feasible the cargo doors have to carry a suitable warning.

Tanks, tank containers
Different requirements apply to GB domestic journeys and international journeys. CDG 2009 (at regulation 91 and via the 'Secretary of State's document') implements a national derogation that requires GB registered vehicles on GB domestic journeys to be marked with the familiar 'Emergency Action Codes' (sometimes called 'Hazchem codes'), and to include a telephone number for advice in the event of an emergency. This is implemented through the 'Secretary of State's approved document'. This is in addition to the plain orange plate at the front of the vehicle. Note that paragraph 5(3) of schedule 7 allows the hazard warning panel not to be fire resisting for tanks made before 1 January 2005.

GB registered vehicle on GB domestic journey
Fig 4. shows the placards required on a GB registered vehicle on a GB domestic journey

Placards required on a GB registered vehicle on a GB domestic journey
Key Information
Information for Fig 4 (opposite)
Hazard Warning Panel - Subsidiary hazard signs will also have to be displayed if the goods have subsidiary hazard(s).

Orange Coloured Panel - Displaying the Emergency Action code and the UN number.

Danger Sign - Subsidiary hazard signs will also have to be displayed if the goods have subsidiary hazard(s).

Telephone number for specialist advice.

Plain Orange Panel - To be fixed to the Front of the vehicle.

International Journeys
Vehicles on international journeys carry the HIN (hazard identification number - sometimes called the Kemler code) in the pattern shown at ADR para - see example Fig 5. below.

Hazard I.D number or Kemler code - International Journeys These are in addition to the placards (hazard warning diamonds).
Plates should be displayed at the rear and both sides, with a plain orange plate at the front. Where one substance only is carried it is permissible to display plates at front and rear only provided the front plate also carries the HIN code and UN Number. There is no requirement to display a telephone number. An international journey is described at ADR

Chapter 5.4 of ADR covers this in the usual detail; see also (
Documentation). The key requirements are that the documentation contains the following information (

  • the UN Number
  • proper shipping name
  • class (with subsidiary hazard, if any, in brackets)
  • packing group (where assigned)
  • number and description of packages
  • total quantity of each item of different UN Number
  • name/address of consignor
  • name /address of consignee(s). Where there are multiple consignees not known at the start of the journey, the words 'Delivery Sale' may be used.
  • Declaration relating to any special agreement, where applicable (uncommon)

ADR prescribes the order in which this information is shown. New for ADR 2009 (and effective from 1 January 2010) is the addition of tunnel codes except where it is known that the journey will not involve passing through a relevant tunnel.

There is no requirement for all information to be on one document. Where a vehicle has picked up loads from more than one consignor this would clearly not be possible.

There are special rules for wastes, salvage packagings, and empty uncleaned packaging etc ( to For more on empty uncleaned packaging and wastes visit the HSE website page Common Problems

For empty tanks and bulk there are other rules about documentation in See also Common Problems

Where loads are being carried on domestic journeys under the limited load threshold (ADR - more details in Main exemptions) the requirement to carry documentation is disapplied (except for explosives and radioactives). Details in the document 'Dangerous Goods: Approved Derogations and Transitional Provisions' The requirement to furnish the carrier with documentation still applies.

Other special rules cover:

  • loads in a transport chain that includes air or sea (
  • carriage in 'date expired' IBCs ( - details in
  • multi compartment tanks or transport units with more than one tank (
  • elevated temperature substances (
  • substances stabilised by temperature control (

There are other rules for class 1 (explosives) class 2 (gases), class 4.1 (flammable solids etc.), class 5.2 (organic peroxides), class 6.2 (infectious substances) class 7 (radioactives). These are in ADR The most likely to be met are those relating to gas mixtures where the composition of the mixture should be given (

Language and format
The language should be that of the forwarding country and one of English, French or German if not already on the document ( This means that, especially for international journeys, the documents may not be in English and that is one reason why the layout of the information referred to in is important.

Instructions in writing (Emergency information)
Emergency information is a separate consideration from documentation and is covered in
Crew and Vehicle.


Runkel, 65549 Germany